Visitor publish by David Middleton
IN DEFIANCE OF JUDGE’S RULING IN CLIMATE CASE, NEW YORK ATTORNEY GENERAL REFUSES TO COMPLY WITH DISCOVERY REQUESTS
MARCH 12, 2019 | SPENCER WALRATH
The New York Lawyer Basic’s Workplace (OAG) is refusing to adjust to ExxonMobil’s discovery requests even after the New York Supreme Court docket dominated the corporate may proceed with discovery associated to the AG’s investigation of its local weather change disclosures. The corporate is searching for paperwork that may help its allegation that the OAG is pursuing its investigation in unhealthy religion.
Because the OAG initiated its investigation into ExxonMobil greater than three years in the past, its arguments have shifted a number of instances, as every of the allegations of fraud has lacked proof. Nonetheless, along with highlighting the questionable authorized agenda, current court docket filings display how the OAG has methodically denied ExxonMobil’s discovery requests in an effort to delay the train, presumably within the hope that the OAG can persuade the decide to dismiss the corporate’s defenses.
Proper to Discovery Upheld by New York Supreme Court docket
Justice Barry Ostrager dominated in February that the OAG may file a movement to dismiss ExxonMobil’s defenses, however that within the meantime, “Exxon Mobil is privileged to pursue discovery on its defenses.”
“Civil litigants could not keep away from their discovery obligations by difficult the authorized viability of an adversary’s claims,” ExxonMobil writes in a single letter to the OAG. “Subsequently, ExxonMobil maintains that OAG’s objections are improper to the extent they’re predicated on a authorized problem to ExxonMobil’s affirmative defenses. OAG could not credibly withhold paperwork conscious of the Affirmative Protection Requests.”
The OAG’s efforts to hinder ExxonMobil’s proper to discovery stand in stark distinction to the actions of the defendant. As an example, the OAG claims that paperwork requested by ExxonMobil are protected by varied privileges, “with out figuring out every doc withheld and the idea for invoking any privilege,” in response to one letter from ExxonMobil. In one other letter, the corporate writes that the OAG’s reluctance to show these paperwork over means that sure privilege assertions seem like “facially doubtful.”
Conversely, ExxonMobil has supplied the OAG with greater than 2,800 pages of privilege logs. The truth is, all through the whole thing of this investigation, ExxonMobil has turned over greater than 4 million pages of paperwork; so many pages that they might stand taller than the Empire State Constructing if stacked on high of one another.
New York’s Conflicting Statements
In letters to senior officers within the OAG, ExxonMobil refutes the authorized foundation of quite a few discovery objections and spotlight inconsistencies and contradictions made by the state’s high legislation enforcement workplace.
A primary instance of New York’s makes an attempt to stonewall the corporate is their failure to supply paperwork relating to their communications with third events.
Learn extra right here: Vitality in Depth
The EID article contains a good graphic:
In associated information, the Trump Administration has filed an amicus transient in help of the oil firms being maliciously and fraudulently harassed by the New York Metropolis…
Federal Authorities Backs Oil Corporations Preventing NYC Local weather Swimsuit
By Karen Savage
The Trump administration is supporting the 5 oil firms being sued by New York Metropolis to pay for damages associated to local weather change, submitting a friend-of-the-court transient asking the Second Circuit Court docket of Appeals to uphold the dismissal of the case.
The federal authorities contends within the transient that the town’s claims in opposition to Exxon, BP, Shell, ConocoPhillips and Chevron shouldn’t be determined by a state court docket. It argues the Clear Air Act prevents the town from pursuing nuisance claims as a result of the air pollution that causes international warming originates from outdoors the state. It additionally argues that the claims shouldn’t be thought-about in a federal court docket as a result of that may violate the separation of powers assured by the Structure.
The Trump administration additionally says that New York’s claims “intervene with the conduct of international coverage and regulation of international commerce” and have “nice potential for disruption or embarrassment for america in its worldwide relations that can’t be outweighed by the relative pursuits of New York state.”
The town filed the case in opposition to the 5 oil giants in January 2018 and it was dismissed by U.S. District Court docket Choose John Keenan final July. The metropolis appealed that call to the Second Circuit.
Keenan dominated in July that the courts are usually not the correct discussion board to deal with harms ensuing from local weather change. He mentioned points stemming from greenhouse fuel air pollution must be tackled by the government and legislative branches.
The town’s enchantment argues that Keenan “misunderstood the town’s allegations and, on the idea of that misunderstanding, erroneously concluded that varied federal legislation doctrines barred the town’s claims.”
The oil firms preserve that the town’s claims contain home greenhouse fuel emissions, that are lined beneath the Clear Air Act. They are saying New York Metropolis—and it’s residents—“have lengthy consumed Defendants’ merchandise and have thus willingly contributed to greenhouse fuel emissions” which have prompted local weather change.
Local weather Legal responsibility Information… That’s a factor?
As flawed because the 2007 5-Four ruling in Massachusetts v EPA was, it renders all of those malicious, fraudulent, nuisance lawsuits null and void.
What did Exxon know?
In 1968, Exxon knew 25% improve in atmospheric
CO2 may result in a result in 1-7 °F rise in Earth’s common floor temperature…
1968 “THE ROBINSON REPORT”
Since Möller (1963) wasn’t a secret oil trade doc, anybody else with a subscription to the Journal of Geophysical Analysis would have additionally been aware of this data. And anybody who even bothered to learn the summary of this damning paper would additionally know what we all know at the moment: “The speculation that climatic variations are effected by variations within the
CO2 content material turns into very questionable” when you think about clouds…
On the affect of adjustments within the CO2 focus in air on the radiation steadiness of the Earth’s floor and on the local weather
The numerical worth of a temperature change beneath the affect of a CO2 change as calculated by Plass is legitimate just for a dry ambiance. Overlapping of the absorption bands of CO2 and H2O within the vary round 15 μ basically diminishes the temperature adjustments. New calculations give ΔT = + 1.5° when the CO2 content material will increase from 300 to 600 ppm. Cloudiness diminishes the radiation results however not the temperature adjustments as a result of beneath cloudy skies bigger temperature adjustments are wanted so as to compensate for an equal change within the downward long-wave radiation. The rise within the water vapor content material of the ambiance with rising temperature causes a self-amplification impact which leads to virtually arbitrary temperature adjustments, e.g. for fixed relative humidity ΔT = +10° within the above talked about case. It’s proven, nevertheless, that the modified radiation situations are usually not essentially compensated for by a temperature change. The impact of a rise in CO2 from 300 to 330 ppm might be compensated for fully by a change within the water vapor content material of three per cent or by a change within the cloudiness of 1 per cent of its worth with out the incidence of temperature adjustments in any respect. Thus the idea that climatic variations are effected by variations within the CO2 content material turns into very questionable.
Journal of Geophysical Analysis
The total textual content of the paper is even higher…
On this case, we should distinguish between the assumptions that the water vapor content material (in cm l.e.) stays unchanged regardless of heating (cooling) of the ambiance and that it will increase (decreases). Fixed absolute humidity signifies that the relative humidity (f) decreases from 75 to 70.34 per cent with a 1° or lowered by Four.66 per cent per deg. In keeping with the above-mentioned calculations, a rise in CO2 from 300 to 600 ppm provides us a temperature change ΔT = +1.5° for Δf = -Four.66 per cent per deg, and a temperature change ΔT = +9.6° for Δf = Zero.
We acknowledge that for Δf = Zero.eight per cent per deg the temperature change turns into infinite. Very small variations impact a reversal of signal or enormous amplifications.
It’s not too troublesome to deduce from these numbers that the variation within the radiation price range from a modified CO2 focus might be compensated for fully with none variation within the floor temperature when the cloudiness is elevated by +Zero.006 or the water vapor content material is decreased by -Zero.07 cm l.e.
These are variations within the cloudiness by 1 per cent of its worth or within the water vapor content material by three per cent of its worth. No meteorologist or climatologist would dare to find out the imply cloudiness or imply water content material of the ambiance with such accuracy; a lot much less can a change of this order of magnitude be proved or its existence denied. Due to these values the complete concept of climatic adjustments by CO2 variations is turning into questionable.
I hope that ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips and/or Chevron file a RICO lawsuit in opposition to these @$$ hats. Each single one of many “secret” Exxon paperwork brandished by these morons might be parried in a similar way. The idiots have even cited Vail’s work on sea stage cycles as “proof” of some form of conspiracy.
Möller, F. (1963), On the affect of adjustments within the CO2 focus in air on the radiation steadiness of the Earth’s floor and on the local weather. J. Geophys. Res., 68(13), 3877–3886, doi:10.1029/JZ068i013p03877.
Vail, P. R., R.M. Mitchum, and S. Thompson, III, 1977, Seismic stratigraphy and international adjustments of sea stage, half three: Relative adjustments of sea stage from coastal onlap, in C.E. Payton, ed., AAPG Memoir 26: Seismic stratigraphy—Purposes to hydrocarbon exploration: 63-97 (1977)
What did ExxonMobil Know and when did they comprehend it? (Half 1)
What did ExxonMobil Know and when did they comprehend it? (Half Deux, “Identical because it ever was.”)
What did ExxonMobil Know and when did they comprehend it? (Half three, Exxon: The Fork Not Taken
“Smoke & Fumes”… The dumbest assault on ExxonMobil evah’
“Smoke & Fumes,” Half Deux: Exxon Knew “The whole concept of climatic adjustments by CO2 variations is questionable.”
Even dumber than the dumbest assault on ExxonMobil evah’
What Did Shell Know and When Did They Know It?
The Guardian: “Local weather change denial received’t even profit oil firms quickly”… Is it even grammatically potential to disclaim local weather change?